Dunajski MAK

Urška Purg

Oh, Dunaj in muzeji! To je zmeraj posebno veselje in užitek. Obisk Dunaja si rada razporedim v zaporedja postankov v muzejih in kavarnicah. Zmeraj odkrijem nekaj novega na obeh področjih. In zapolnitev dunajskih dni z dvema ali tremi muzeji in dvema kavama na dan se je izkazala za krasno kombinacijo, ki poskrbi, da se ne prenasitim niti muzejev niti kave.

Čeprav je bilo mesto že povsem odeto v mesec oddaljene praznične barve, sem se ignorirajoč to vzdušje podala v muzeje iz tokratnega seznama vseh, ki jih moram obiskati. Še posebej navdušena sem bila nad Muzejem uporabnih umetnosti – MAK (Museum of Applied Arts). Je lahko dostopen in je muzej, ki vzbuja občutek dobrodošlosti, četudi v muzeju ne boste srečali nikogar od zaposlenih, razen receptorke in čuvajev na razstavah. Kljub temu jim je z dodatnimi participatornimi in k aktivnostim usmerjujočimi vsebinami za obiskovalce ter s poštenim številom raznolikih kavčev in mizami, ob katerih so nekateri mirno klepetali in malicali, uspelo priklicati sproščeno in prijetno vzdušje. Cenim tudi to, da so kljub njihovim dragocenim zbirkam pohištva in na prvi pogled dolgočasnim predmetom v pritličju, utegnili pristriči krila vzvišenemu odnosu – na kar bi sicer lahko igrali z željo očaranja elitnih gostov. Raje kot to, so se z vnosom elementov presenečenja in prej omenjenih participatornih elementov z nagovori obiskovalcev, odločili za ljudem prijazen muzej. Ko sem že pričakovala še eno sobo z novo vrsto razstavljenih stolov s pedigrejem, so me prijetno presenetili z načinom, kako so te stole predstavili. Raje kot njih, so izpostavili njihove sence in s tem nemudoma ustvarili povsem drugačno izkušnjo od pričakovane, osvobojeno vse vzvišenosti. Za povrh je tudi Dunaj 1900, njihov secesijski del na prvem nadstropju prav zanimiv, četudi malce staromoden, vendar saj veste – nekaj čarobnega je na tem obdobju in zraven tega imajo tudi Klimta. In kdo prav za prav ne mara Klimta?

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Dunaj 1900 s sodobnejšo, umetniško nadgradnjo na vrhu.

Vseeno pa mi je bil najbolj ljub njihov oblikovalski laboratorij, kjer sem vijugala naokrog in dovolila očem, da so se napajale na bistroumnih kuhinjah in t.i. mami vseh vgradnih kuhinj iz leta 1926; na izvrstni zbirki starih in sodobnih stolov; v sobi vzorcev, ki so jih digitalizirali in kot CC dali na voljo ljudem; v sobi, kjer se skupaj z nami presprašujejo o trajnosti … Všeč mi je bila ideja o prepletanju starega in novega kot so to storili pri večini stvari in na tak način aktualizirali na prvi pogled banalne ali spregledane predmete brez nepotrebnega utemeljevanja. Zelo nevsiljivo so dodajali tudi umetniške interpretacije nekaterih zbirk in s tem obogatili njihovo razlago, npr. pri kuhinjah in pri pogrinjkih ter prehranjevanju. Nedvomno mi je bila všeč tudi rešitev, kako so se na razstavah izognili tekstovnemu napadu na obiskovalce, še zmeraj pa omogočali ta radovednim, da so lahko izvedeli več. S preprosto umestitvijo “kotičkov za prenosne tekstovne vodiče” na začetku vsakega razstavnega prostora in s poudarjenimi temeljnimi trditvami in vprašanji na stenah tako v nemščini kot v angleščini, so dosegli izjemen učinek in zadostili potrebam večine obiskovalcev brez nepotrebnih velikih stroškov in odvečnega truda.

Tudi izbor začasnih razstav kaže na stopnjo drznosti in kreativnosti. Ob mojem obisku so gostili razstavo Shunga, japonske erotične umetnosti in 100 najboljših plakatov 15 iz Nemčije, Avstrije in Švice. Obe razstavi sta služili kot popestritev in dober prerez med nadstropji in različnimi temami.

Ker je muzej kar velik, imajo na ogled še veliko več, kot sem opisala, pogosto pa vnašajo igro med preteklostjo in sedanjostjo, ali ustvarjajo posebno razstavno sceno in prostor. S slednjim so se poigrali na razstavi kitajskega porcelana, kjer so predmete umestili v enormne leseno-steklene zabojnike, na katere so razstavni tekst zapisali kar z roko. Kot sem poskušala prikazati, znajo osvežiti in začiniti predstavljanje dediščine, zraven tega pa imajo tudi trgovino z na prste lepljivimi izdelki in prikupno kavarno, oboje le nekaj korakov stran od recepcije. Če seštejem vse, je MAK vreden obiska, še posebej ob torkih, ko so odprti vse do 22. ure in je vstop prost.

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MAK Vienna

Urška Purg

Oh, Vienna and museums – it’s always a pleasure! Actually, I like my Vienna with sequences of museum and coffee stops. In addition, eventually a lunch and dinner, of course. However, really – squeezing two to three museums and two coffee stops in a day in Vienna is a perfect combination, which makes sure that I don’t gorge myself with culture (or coffee).

This time around, when the streets were reflecting month away holiday spirit, I decided to fully ignore the too early Christmassy atmosphere and stroll around the museums I’ve placed on my list To visit. I must say, I was really impressed by The Museum of Applied Arts – MAK. It is easy to reach, and it has that welcoming atmosphere, even though the staff you meet is in general at the reception desk and later on the guardians of the artefacts. However, the additional – let’s say – contemporary participatory and educational visitor inputs on the exhibitions with many various sofas in the ground floor and tables, where some visitors calmly had their snack/talk brakes made sure I felt fully relaxed and nice. Despite having a collection of Vienna’s pedigree furniture and on first glimpse boring artefacts in the ground floor, they’ve managed to cut the haughty spirit of the exhibits through adding the elements of surprise. When you already expect you will find a row of important chairs from their furniture collection in the next room, they pleasantly surprise you with an installation of those important chairs presented through their shadows – instantly creating a new experience, freed from the possible superiority. In addition, the art nuoveau Wien 1900 in the first floor is remarkable, a bit old-fashioned, but you know – there is something about that period, and they have Klimt’s artworks as well. And who doesn’t like Klimt?

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Vienna 1900 with more contemporary artistic addition on the top.

My favourite though, was the MAK Design Labor, where I zigzagged around, feasting my eyes on incredible contemporary kitchen ideas (next to the Mother of the Fitted Kitchen from 1926), incredible chair collection, a room of patterns, which are also digitalized and ready for you to use, Helmut Lang room and a room, where the question of sustainability is in the forefront. I really appreciated, how they intertwined the old and the new, enabling the self-explanatory environment without the unnecessary elaborations, and very subtle artistic inputs on the topics, such as the kitchen, the table setting and eating… Foremost, I liked the solution on reducing the text on the exhibitions, yet enabling the curious ones to learn more. They took the simple and effective way, by inserting the ‘text guides corners’ just before every exhibition topic began, and by exposing the most important points or questions for the visitors to chew on, placed on the walls in German and English.

Their decision on the temporary exhibitions was also an interesting one, displaying the Shunga, erotic art from Japan and 100 BEST POSTERS 15. Germany Austria Switzerland. Both were great for creating a cut between the floors and various topics. There is many more on display, always playing with the past and the present, or creating a special environment and exhibition space, as they did in the exhibition on china, placing it in the enormous wooden-glass see-through crates with handwritten object presentations. As I said, they know how to refresh and spice things up and they have a lovely museum shop with a café just next to the reception.


All in all, it’s a place worth visiting, especially on Tuesdays, when they are open till 10 p.m. with free entry.